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Buck: male rodent
Doe: female rodent
Sire: a father animal
Dam: a mother animal
Kitten: baby rodent or rabbit. Also refers to the young of cats, badgers, stoats, and many other animals.
Pinkie: naked kitten aged from newborn to about 5 days
Fuzzy: furred kitten aged 6 days to 2 weeks
Hopper: kitten aged 2 to 3 weeks
Weaner: kitten aged 3 to 4 weeks
In Kindle: pregnant
Kindling or 'to kindle': giving birth
Stud: a collection of animals for the purpose of breeding
Mousery: a collection of mice, kept for any purpose
Strain: An inbred line of mice which produces mice extremely similar to their ancestors. Most show lines of mice can be described as 'strains'
Waster: a substandard or useless mouse
Culling: to remove an animal from the breeding program, either by euthanising or selling surplus/substandard stock.

Fancy: An old word for 'hobby'. Fancier = hobbyist. Fancy mouse = hobby mouse.
Maxey: A National Mouse Club standardised show cage, named after its originator Walter Maxey. Very early in the 1900s, the NMC held a competition to design a show cage and Walter Maxey's cage won the competition. It comes in lidded and unlidded versions. Although there were other colours allowed once upon a time, nowadays only the original colours are allowed; middle Brunswick green on the outside and signal red on the inside, with middle Brunswick green bars. Originally rats were also shown in Maxey cages, scaled up for their larger size.
Casting: Shedding hair (feathers 'moult', hair 'casts').
In Two Coats: show term referring to uneven colour caused by casting.
Livery: describes the belly colour on tan and fox and the points on Siamese/Himalayan. Commonly called a marking, but a livery is non-variable colour on colour (ie a tan is always tan on the belly) whereas markings vary.
Shown to the minute: a mouse which is in top condition on the show bench.
Steward: The person who helps out the judge by bringing Maxeys to and from the judging table. Stewarding is an excellent learning experience for the new exhibitor as you can see all kinds of mice being judged.
Novice Exhibitor: person who has not yet won a Best in Section award (ie best self, best satin, etc).
Stocksmanship: describes a person's ability to keep their animals healthy and in good condition (ie "good stocksmanship" or "he's a good stocksman").
U/8: Classes on the show schedule for mice under eight weeks old. Odd numbers are adult classes and even numbers are U/8 classes, for example class 1 is pink eyed white adult, class 2 is pink eyed white U/8, class 3 is black eyed cream adult, and class 4 is black eyed cream U/8.
Best Opposite Age (BOA): the animal that has come first in the opposite age group to the overall winner. For example, if a Dutch U/8 won Best Marked, the Best Opposite Age Marked would be the best of the adult marked mice. If an adult wins Best in Show, then Best Opposite Age would be the best of the U/8 mice.
Any Other Variety (AOV): Any variety which was not specifically in the show schedule. As the show schedule lists selfs, marked, tans and satins specifically, the AOV section includes any mouse which does not fit into the first four sections. In each specific section, AOV includes all varieties which belong in that section that don't have a specified class (ie - in tans, the classes may be for black tan, chocolate tan, champagne/silver tan, and AOV tan. In satins the classes may be for ivory satin, cream satin, pink eyed self satin, and AOV satin.)
The NMC Top Twenty: The winner of the Top Twenty is the person who has accumulated the most points over the showing year. Winning the Top Twenty means that person has consistantly produced outstanding mice. Points break down like this: Best in Show = 4 points, BOA in Show = 3 points, Best in Section = 2 points, BOA in Section = 1 point. You are awarded points for winning each of these and they are added up over the year.

Condition: describes how healthy and fit the mouse looks. A mouse in good condition is glossy, bright eyed and active. Mice in poor condition are drab and lethargic.
Type: describes the overall shape and conformation of the mouse, NOT the size. A large mouse measuring a foot long including tail could still have very poor type.
Tail Set: describes the way in which the tail joins the body. A good tail set is long and thick, tapering from the rump to the tail. A poor tail set looks like the tail has just been stuck into the body.
Ear Set: describes the way in which the ears sit on the head. When the mouse is viewed from the front the ears should be positioned at '10 to 2'; not so low that they stick out at right angles and not so high that they stick upwards like a rabbit's ears. From above, the ears should stick straight out from the head and shouldn't bend backwards towards the rear.
Vents: the genital region. 'Tan vents' describes the very common fault of tan hairs around the genitals.
Line Under: describes the common fault of a parting in the hair down the centre of the belly. The belly hair should be thick and smooth with no lines.
Thin Under: the hair on the belly is not thick enough to give good colour; ie on a tan or fox, the tan is not thick enough to stop the darker undercolour showing through, or on a pale satin, the coat is not thick to stop the pink belly skin showing through.
Ribbed Under/Laddered Under: the fur on the belly is ridged in horizontal lines, caused by illness or poor condition.
Snipey: Describes a muzzle which is narrow and pointed. This is undesirable in an exhibition mouse as the standard calls for the head to be "not too fine or pointed at the nose"

Crepuscular: an animal that awakes at dusk and dawn and sleeps during the day and night, such as the mouse.
Melanin: Pigment in the hair and skin. Pheomelanin produces the red/yellow pigments and eumelanin produces the black pigment. All colours/varieties are made from varying amounts of these two pigments.
Altricial: Term describing animals which are born naked, blind and incapable of walking. (Precocial describes animals which are capable of walking shortly after birth, such as horses)
Variety: Mice don't come in breeds, they come in varieties. Breeds are physiologically distinct, like a rottweiler compared with a cocker spaniel. The breed cocker spaniel comes in different varieties; roan, black, chocolate, tricolour, etc. Although varieties of mice are slightly different in type, size and shape, they are not different enough to be breeds.